Nowruz is an ancestral festivity marking the first day of spring and the renewal of nature that families gather together to celebrate it. Nowruz is partly rooted in the religious tradition of Zoroastrianism and has been celebrated for over 3,000 years. Today, it is shared by people in Afghanistan, Albania, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Turkey, among others.
But aside from this information that perhaps heard about it many times, I would like to introduce different and beautiful side of Nowruz that might be interesting for you.
*Spring cleaning or Khouneh Tekouni: before Nowruz, Coincides with the renewal of nature, Iranians clean their homes and buy new equipment.
*Family shopping: one of the Beautiful ceremony before the New Year is that all families go out together for family shopping and get those requirements that are related to the New Year, such as each person of family buy at least a new dress for their visiting celebrations.
* Hajji Firuz: is the traditional- fictional character for the new year, like Santa Claus, perhaps as a remnant of the ancient Zoroastrian fire-keeper. His face is covered in soot and he is clad in bright red clothes with a felt hat. People gather around him and he dance through the streets with tambourines and trumpets spreading good cheer and the news of the coming New Year.
*Haft sin: A few days prior to the New Year, a special cover is spread on to the Persian carpet or on a table in every Persian household, includes seven items starting with the letter ‘s’ in the Persian alphabet.
1-Sabzeh or sprouts: Usually wheat or lentil representing rebirth.
.2-Samanu is a pudding in which common wheat sprouts are transformed and given new life as a sweet, creamy pudding and represents the ultimate sophistication of Persian cooking.
3-Seeb means apple and represents health and beauty.
4-Senjed the sweet, dry fruit of the Lotus tree, represents love. It has been said that when lotus tree is in full bloom, its fragrance and fruit make people fall in love and become oblivious to all else.
5-Seer which is garlic in Persian, represents medicine.
6-Somaq sumac berries, represent the color of sunrise; with the appearance of the sun Good conquers Evil.
7-Serkeh or vinegar, represents age and patience
other elements and symbols are also on the sofreh:
A few coins placed on the sofreh represent prosperity and wealth.
A basket of painted eggs represents fertility..
A goldfish in a bowl represents life and the end of astral year-picas.
A mirror: symbolizing cleanness and honesty.
The candles that represent enlightenment and happiness
*visiting celebrations: on the time of Nowruz,Iranian family gather around the table of the Haft Seen and at that time they kiss each other and gifts are exchanged. Later, Typically, the youth will visit the senior family members first and this visiting continue during Nowroz. Usually guests served with nuts, fruit and sweet and the youth person get money as gift from elders.
*New Year Dishes:
*Sabzi Polo Mahi: The New Year’s Day traditional meal that is called Sabzi Polo Mahi, which is rice with green herbs served with fish. The traditional seasoning for Sabzi Polo are parsley, coriander, chives, dill and fenugreek. The many green herbs and spices in this dish are said to represent the greeness of Spring.
* Kookoo sabzi : Herbs and vegetable souffle, a light and fluffy omelet style made from parsley, dill, coriander, spinach, spring onion ends, and chives, mixed with eggs and walnut.
*Reshteh Polo: rice cooked with noodles which is said to symbolically help one succeed in life.
*Sizdah Bedar:The thirteenth day of the New Year festival is called Sizdah Bedar ,the day in nature that accompanied by music and dancing, usually at family picnicst . On this day, people throw their sabzeh away in the nature as a symbolic act of making the nature greener, and to dispose of the bad luck and young single women to tie the leaves of the sabzeh before discarding it, so expressing a wish to be married before the next year’s Sizdah Bedar