In every day’s news we may come across a familiar topic that which we don’t pay much attention to, but as time goes on we will believe on this trend’s danger. When you read about lack of water, you will imagine vast deserted areas impromptu. However, these days the problems of such have come true in a global scale. About two third of every human being body is made up of water. Individual’s demands are highly related to this natural element. The current technologies by which life has been turned into a more enjoyable phenomenon are in fact impossible to entangle with without the existence of this precious element. Even the intact nature through which we grasp our lives will not last long without water. Therefore, it is crystal clear, What an important role “water” is playing in human life, without which death spreads over human being and other living creatures. When a problem rise out in human life, the most appropriate step to take is to turn it into a question and then find the answer for it. This was the procedure that Iranians invented a thousand years ago and made so many questions solved.
Qanat or Kariz was the very simple way of well digging to collect drinking water and carry it up on the ground to make use of it. These wells have thousands of meters depth in some cases in which a great volume of underground water could be stored. They work like natural springs all around a year and there is no use for any extra tool to use them. This invention became as a basis for invention of other constructions like watermills and water clocks. They have helped human being to survive for thousands of years.
As with the long time use of these wells in Iran, you can consider them as unique and ancient tourist attraction sites that exist in Iran.
Gonabad Qanat: this Qanat is one of the oldest and deepest aqueducts in the world. It is located at north east of Iran in Khorasan province, specifically in Gonabad city. Apart from its magnificent architecture it is as old as 2500 years and is still profitable.
Ardestan Qanat: among other architectural masterpieces we can call two floor aqueduct of Ardestan in Isfahan province of Iran. This aqueduct is the only two floor aqueduct in the world. Within every floor a distinct water stream flows on.
Underground Kariz city: this area has been looked at as a series of aqueducts underground which today have become sites of tourist attraction. As with the soft steeps of these Qanats, which is considered as one of the characteristics of their settlement, the area is considered as one of the most important tourist attraction sites ( or as it is now addressed, city) in Kish island in south of Iran. This island is about 10000 square meter width and is comprised of natural leftovers, carvings, modern and traditional restaurants, amphitheaters, artistic galleries and conference saloons.
The most intelligence thing to do for favoring people of future is to save investments for them. Therefore, making use of the ancient Qanats in today’s problems of water lack can be considered as and bank investments for next generations.