7 days 6 nights
This Persian Nomad Adventure happens in nomadic areas of western and southwestern Iran where the famous tribe of Bakhtiari migrates twice a year from Lorestan to Khuzestan searching pasture for its herds. Bakhtiari Nomads live at the skirts of Mt. Zagros ranges, they spend the warm seasons in their summer quarters (Sardsir or Yaylaq) and in autumn they go to valleys and the plains of their winter quarters (Garmsir or Qeshlaq). Bakhtiari, literally means “companion of fortune”, is a subgroup of Lurs and the Bakhtiari dialect belongs to the Luri language. The documentary Grass: A Nation’s Battle for Life (1925) reveals the story of the migration of the Bakhtiari Tribe.
We can start our tour from Tehran or other main cities, if you prefer, and reach the city of Khorramabad, Lorestan’s capital. From Tehran, we need to pass Qom, Arak, and Boroujerd to reach this city. The history of Khorramabad dates back to the Elamite era, a thousand years ago. Khorramabad is famous due to fascinating history, pleasant weather with high rainfall especially in spring, mountains, green valleys containing beautiful rivers and waterfalls, scenic landscapes, groundwater resources, natural springs, and unique villages with friendly people.
Best seasons to experience the nomad tour of western cities are spring and autumn.
We will start our day tour by visiting Lake Keeyow (Keeyow in Lori means dark blue) which is a natural lake filled with water springs at the bottom of it, an amusement park is also located just next to the lake. In some season different kinds of native and migratory birds also live there.
We’ll walk around the lake at night, then take a bus to the roof of Khorramabad to see the city panoramic view and also visit the largest and most equipped observatory in the Middle East.
*The time of the program to observe Saturn and Jupiter is one hour.
Today we visit the highlighted attractions of the city; we’ll visit the 30-meter brick minaret belongs to the Sassanid period in Shaghayegh Square which was once used to guide caravans; the inscription in Kufic and Persian script; the famous castle of Falak al-Falak, Shapurkhast fortress; anthropology museum; Twelve Towers (Davazdah Borji) Bazaar; Makhmal Mountain on Aleshtar Road and finally the great nomads of Lorestan. You can recognize the men from far away with the known black and white coat named Chogha with black hats, and women’s long colorful dresses.
At night, we go to Shamshirabad Rock Park and visit the huge statue of Ario Barzan, an Achaemenid general on horseback.
After breakfast, we’ll drive 60 km from the city of Khorramabad to visit the 48-meter Bishe International Waterfall surrounded by oak trees, then going to visit Haft Cheshmeh, Lorestan nomadic camp along the Caesar River, the beautiful village of Mamil, and also Bishe Railway. We have lunch at a villa with a unique view of the waterfall and we’ll return to Khorramabad in the evening.
Today we drive toward Izeh. After less than 3 hours’ drive and passing Andimeshk, we’ll reach the beautiful city of Dezful, have a short city tour and keep driving for about an hour and a half where we reach Shushatr and we can visit the beautiful Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System. Based on time, we also visit the Mostofi traditional house. Keep going to Izeh.
Overnight in Izeh
Visiting Eshkaft-e Salman or Shekaft-e Salman (Salomon’s Cave) where four Elamite inscriptions were carved. We’ll visit the huge image of Ayapir. Then going to visit the discovery site of the Parthian man statue kept in the National Museum of Iran.
In the evening visiting the nomadic tents. Based on our time of visit we can observe and join the nomadic women while making bread, milking goats, making butter and animal fat, spinning wool, or weaving nomadic rugs. During the evening the herd goats return to the camp. We can also see Taraz valley, the main Kooch route of the Bakhtiari tribe.
Overnight in Izeh
We have a city tour of Izeh, an open museum without a roof, visiting the historical cemetery of Shahsavar and millennial stone lions on the tombs of Bakhtiari warriors. Then we’ll go to visit the archeological site of Kul Farah and the inscriptions. After Persepolis, half of the works in the Museum of Ancient Iran in Tehran, the National Museum of Iran, have been excavated from this area by Dr. Grishman.
In the evening, we will go to the vast plain of Shat to visit the Bakhtiari nomads.
We can also see the buffalo since one of the important centers of buffalo farming in Iran is Khuzestan.
Overnight in Izeh
From Izeh we drive to Dehdez to visit the huge dams of Karun 3 and Karun 4 and also the largest and longest tunnel, we will have a short stop to photograph the Karun River, we pass Lordegan and the have a short stop in Boroujen to buy local souvenirs. Borujen is one of the highest cities in Iran (about 3,000 meters above sea level).
Borujen is very cold even in summertime, during autumn and winter it always snows up to a few meters. There are many nomadic tents and camps along the way that we can visit.
We will be in Isfahan in the evening, our tour will finish in Isfahan.
* Please consider this since in Europe and many other countries the highest altitude of cities is about 500 to 1000 meters, as an example, Moscow, the capital of Russia, is only 500 meters above sea level.