Remained from Ice Age, the Caspian Hyrcanian Mixed Forests region is a large area of green lowlands and massive forests covering about 55,000 squares along the 850 km of the Caspian Sea shore in Iran and Azerbaijan. Most of this forest area is located in Iran.
On July 10th of 2019, the Iran Hyrcanian Forests were registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, in Baku.
Hyrcanian Forest also called Caspian Forest stretched between the northern slopes of the Alborz Mountains and the coastal areas along the Caspian Sea. So, some parts of 5 northern provinces of Iran are located in the west to east of this region including Ardabil Province, Gilan Province, Mazandaran Province, Golestan Province, and North Khorasan Province.
The Hyrcanian ancient broad-leaved forest that belongs to 25 to 50 million years ago covers 7% of Iran land. It is somehow a natural museum. The climate of Hyrcanian forests is humid, oceanic and mountains at the high altitudes. This weather diversity makes this region the home to 180 birds’ species and 58 mammal species such as white-fronted goose, greylag goose, Eurasian spoonbill, white-headed duck, night heron, Little bustard, red-breasted goose, peregrine falcon, Dalmatian pelican, greater flamingo, brown bear, Caspian tiger, wolf, wild boar, jungle cat, golden jackal, badger and otter. The beauty of this pure nature besides the tourist infrastructures such as local restaurants, cafes, ecolodges and recreational sites that exist in this region attract many tourists every year who enjoy, trekking, hiking, camping and … in the paradise of Hyrcanian Forests.
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