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Fritillaria: The upside down tulip has either stooped before Iran
Fritillaria flower which comes in red, yellow, and sometimes orange spreads over Iran’s lands after winter, and makes the lands beautiful at springs. Its life span is short and flowers at the end of Farvardin (April) and cease flowering at early Ordibehesht(May) as rain falls begin. Fritillaria has an ancient trace in Iran and its role could be seen on the top of Sasanid pillars and Taghe Bostan museum next to the Sasanid king. This flower owns a specific position in Iranian literature. In one of the Iranian old stories named “Siavash” this flower becomes upside down in order to grieve on the heroes innocence and never stands up again. Therefore, because of this story it is also called the tears of Siavash. People from antiquity believed that its upside down position and frost falling down is because of this catastrophe. This plant is in the category of poisonous plants while it is still utilized as a tranquilizer for rheumatic and joint aches. It is also used in purgative process of liver and traditional remedies. For the first time this plant was taken to Austria by European tourists who has visited Iran. It was then planted in royal families’ gardens, and from 19th century became common in Netherlands plant growing industry. As it was globalized it influenced many of the great artists and their works like Goethe. Therefore its beauty was granted to all mankind.
This generous plant which only lives for three weeks is magnificently beautiful and grants its beauty to every one. It is some how like seeing heaven when you open your eyes and see thousands and thousands of this flowers and silence knowing that no human being has ever planted them. This plant grows in mountainous regions of Iran and spreads wildly over Iran’s west part of Iran and dyes Zargros Mountains. You can see that this plant is most of all dense in Fritillaria lands of Chelgard region located in Chehar Mahal Bakhtiari province.
The Fritillaria grows and slowly cries at springs after is has passed the hibernation, and gives you spirit with its beauty. Its generosity grant you the medical benefits and the only think it asks for is to stay next to its own kind in the mountainous lands because it doesn’t survive more that 2 hours in any where else. It looks as if this plant, which is the symbol of its region, has upside down position before great creations and magnificence of its land.
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